The indigenous and immigrants have influenced the human geography in South America, a the fourth largest continent that extends to Tierra del Fuego Archipelago southwards and the Gulf of Darien to the northwest. The continent was identified as an entirely distinct continent after Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian navigator. The continent includes Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia, French Guiana, Uruguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Brazil, Falkland, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Peru.
The continent’s human landscape is mainly influenced by indigenous communities’ connection to their physical environment, which has lactated to date. The dominant languages in the region are Portuguese and Spanish, due to the Catholic missionaries’ influence and their contribution to the region’s education.
The influence of the outside word on the region had continued to the 20th Century during the Cold War when the United States overthrew the Communist Cuban government to prevent communism from spreading throughout South America. Even so, the region’s geographical isolation has been limited investment into the region, something that has led to the insufficiency of resources and amenities for the people.
The region is also a firsthand victim of global warming, resulting from carbon emission. This has led to an international agreement like the Pacific Agreement, which advocates reduced carbon emissions in the region. The rego can be further developed through the improvement of infrastructure (National Geographic, 2020).